asceticism

The strict discipline of one's body has been a precept of many religions, and clearly Christians who expected an early return of the Lord to earth prepared for it with prayer, fasting, and abstention from sexual relations. There is strong approval of renunciation of marriage in certain of the epistles (e.g. 1 Cor. 7:7) and the gospels (e.g. Matt. 19:12) and Rev. (14:4). This was a minority opinion, but it became widely held that asceticism was a prerequisite for entering eternal life. It was certainly also a proof of serious discipleship and in Luke 9:23 the word ‘daily’ has been significantly added to Mark 8:34, so making a practicable kind of asceticism acceptable in the continuing life of the Church which was not shortly to be terminated by the Parousia [[➝ parousia]].

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • Asceticism — • The word asceticism comes from the Greek askesis which means practice, bodily exercise, and more especially, atheletic training Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Asceticism     Asceticism …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • ASCETICISM — ASCETICISM. Rigorous abstention from any form of self indulgence which is based on the belief that renunciation of the desires of the flesh and self mortification can bring man to a high spiritual state. Asceticism never occupied an important… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Asceticism — As*cet i*cism, n. The condition, practice, or mode of life, of ascetics. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • asceticism — index continence Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • asceticism — (n.) 1640s, from ASCETIC (Cf. ascetic) (adj.) + ISM (Cf. ism). Sometimes also ascetism (c.1850) …   Etymology dictionary

  • asceticism — mysticism (see under ASCETIC n) …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • asceticism — [ə set′ə siz΄əm] n. 1. the practices or way of life of an ascetic 2. the religious doctrine that one can reach a higher spiritual state by rigorous self discipline and self denial …   English World dictionary

  • Asceticism — Not to be confused with Aestheticism. Ascetic redirects here. It is not to be confused with Acetic. Asceticism (from the Greek: ἄσκησις, áskēsis, exercise or training ) describes a lifestyle characterized by abstinence from various sorts of… …   Wikipedia

  • asceticism — /euh set euh siz euhm/, n. 1. the manner of life, practices, or principles of an ascetic. 2. the doctrine that a person can attain a high spiritual and moral state by practicing self denial, self mortification, and the like. 3. rigorous self… …   Universalium

  • Asceticism — (Roget s Thesaurus) < N PARAG:Asceticism >N GRP: N 1 Sgm: N 1 asceticism asceticism puritanism sabbatarianism Sgm: N 1 cynicism| cynicism| =>! austerity Sgm: N 1 total abstinence total abstinence Sgm: N 1 nephalism nephalism …   English dictionary for students

  • asceticism — n. to practice asceticism * * * [ə setɪsɪz(ə)m] to practice asceticism …   Combinatory dictionary

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